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Trip Planner Europe  /  Belarus  /  Minsk Region  /  Dzyarzhynsk

Dzyarzhynsk

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Dzyarzhynsk or Dzerzhinsk; formerly Koidanova or Koydanava, in the Dzyarzhynsk Raion of Belarus, is a city with a history dating to the 11th century.HistoryIn the Middle Ages, the village, belonged to the Radziwiłłs, a Polish-Lithuanian aristocratic family. Jews lived in Koidanova as early as 1620.Jewish communityKoidanova became the site of a new Hasidic Jewish dynasty in 1833 when Rabbi Shlomo Chaim Perlow (1797–1862) became the first Koidanover Rebbe. He was succeeded by his son, Rabbi Boruch Mordechai Perlow (1818 - 1870), grandson, Rabbi Aharon Perlow (1839 - 1897), and great-grandson, Rabbi Yosef Perlow of Koidanov-Minsk (1854-1915), who was the last Koidanover Rebbe to live in the town. After World War I, the dynasty was moved to Baranovichi, Poland.In 1847, Koidanova had 2,497 Jewish inhabitants. In 1897 the city had a total population of 4,744, of whom 3,156 were Jews.In May 1932 it was granted the status of a city and was renamed Kojdanaŭ (Койданаў), Russian: Koidanov. In June of that year it was renamed again as Dziaržynsk by the Communist authorities, in honor of Felix Dzerzhinsky (1877–1926), a famous Bolshevik creator and chief of the "Cherezvychainaya Komissija" (CHEKA) – the Soviet secret police -who was born in a Dziaržynava estate not far from the city.
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